Sainte-Marie among the Hurons

The front gate of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons

Sainte-Marie, a Catholic missionary community, was constructed by French Jesuits in 1639. By 1649 it was home to one-fifth of the European population of New France, second in size only to Québec. In a report written in 1649, Father Paul Ragueneau listed the European inhabitants as 18 priests, 4 brothers, 23 volunteer labourers, 7 hired labourers, 4 boys and 9 soldiers. Approximately 3000 Wendat (as the Huron called themselves) lived there at that time. The Wendat population was decimated by disease and by Iroquois raiding parties. The mission was burned by the Jesuits who abandoned it in 1649 when they moved to Christian Island. The following year they and many of their Wendat followers left the area to seek permanent refuge at Québec.


Wendat farm and wigwam outside near the bastions of Sainte-Marie.

Descendants of the Wendat of Sainte-Marie live in Lorette, outside of the city of Québec.

Jenness, Diamond The Indians of Canada.
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 1977.

Mealing, S.R. ed. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents - A Selection.
Toronto : McClelland and Stewart, 1963.

Ragueneau, Paul. Shadows Over Huronia.
Midland Ontario: Martyrs' Shrine, 1972.

Sainte-Marie among the Hurons Huronia Historical Parks. Sainte-Marie among the Hurons 1639-1649.
Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Tourism and Recreation, 1992.

Tummon, Jeanie and Sandra Saddy. Sainte-Marie among the Hurons 1639-1649 Guidebook.
Toronto: Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Recreation, 1993.

Reference Materials on Sale from

The Jesuit Relations: Natives and Missionaries in Seventeenth-Century North America (The Bedford Series in History and Culture) by Allan Greer (Editor)

Black Robe: A Novel by Brian Moore

Black Robe DVD

The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century by Francis Parkman, Conrad E. Heidenreich (Introduction), Jose Brandao (Introduction)

The Indians of Canada by Diamond Jenness

Indian Legends of Canada by Ella Elizabeth Clark

American Indian Myths and Legends by Richard Erdoes (Editor), Alfonso Ortiz (Editor)

For an Amerindian Autohistory: An Essay on the Foundations of a Social Ethic (McGill-Queen's Native and Northern Series) by Georges E. Sioui, Sheila Fischman (Translator), Bruce G. Trigger (Introduction)

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