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Somaliland Protectorate

Martial Eagle on Elizabeth II Definitive

Martial Eagle on Elizabeth II Definitive

When Egypt withdrew its garrison in 1884, the British established a protectorate on the coast of the horn of Africa opposite Aden. It was administered from India until 1898 when it came under the control of the Foreign Office and, later, the colonial office. The first stamps, overprints on Indian definitives, were issued in 1903. In 1904 a new issue depicting Edward VII was issued for the protectorate. Wildlife and livestock were first depicted on George VI definitives depicting blackhead sheep and the greater kudu. The stamps of Somaliland Protectorate were replaced by those of Somalia in 1960. The first bird to be featured on a Somaliland Protectorate stamp was featured in the last definitive series depicting Queen Elizabeth II.

Featured on the 50 cent and 5 shilling denominations of the Queen Elizabeth II pictorial definitives issued in 1953, the martial eagle is a large eagle native to sub-Saharan Africa. Living in wooded belts adjacent to the open savanna, it is a "booted eagle" with feathering over its tarsus. It preys on mammals, birds and reptiles swooping down on its quarry from a high soar. It is endangered as the consequence of the efforts of farmers and rangers to protect livestock and wildlife.

Martial Eagle
Martial eagle


"Martial Eagle." Wikipedia. 6 Jul. 2019. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 9 Aug. 2019

Rossiter, Stuart and John Flower. The Stamp Atlas. London: Macdonald and Co., 1986.

"Somaliland Protectorate." Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue. 2015.



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