Beazley, C. Raymond. Prince Henry the Navigator, the Hero of Portugal.
Cornwall, Bernard. Sharpe's Havoc: Richard Sharpe & the Campaign in Northern Portugal, Spring 1809.
and of Modern Discovery, 1394-1460 A.D. London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1895.
This biography from the "Heroes of Nations" series puts the achievements of Prince Henry the Navigator in the context of the development of the maps of the known world and Portuguese history with a particular emphasis on navigation and explortation in the C14th.
New York: HarperCollins, 2003.
The seventh novel in Bernard Cornwall's Sharpe's Adventure Series is set in northern Portugal during the invasion of Napoleon's armies. Although focused on the maveric Irish protagonist, this entertaining historical romance depicts the barbarity of warfare in the period, the role of proud Portuguese soldiers and partisans in the fighting and the suffering of civilian populations, particularly in and around the French occupied city of Oporto.
Crowley, Roger. Conquerors: How Portugal Seized the Indian Ocean and Forged the First Global Empire. London: Faber and Faber, 2015.
Covering the period from Henry the Navigator's first explorations of the coasts of West Africa to the death of Afonso de Albuquerque who established Portugal's power in India, this is a highly readable account of the courage, brutality, wisdom and folly that made Portugal a dominant power in the Indian Ocean and beyond.
Hatton, Barry. The Portuguese: A Modern History. Northampton, Mass.: Interlink Books, 2011.
A Lisbon-based foreign correspondent, Hatton has written a highly readable history well seasoned with anecdotes that introduces the geography and culture of Portugal while also narrating its history up until the first decade of the twenty-first century.
Kaplan, Marion. The Portuguese: The Land and its People. Manchester: Carcanet Press, 2006.
As its title suggests, this very useful and highly readable reference provides a comprehensive view of the history, geography and culture of Portugal. It includes an extensive annotated bibliography on sources in English, a chronology of kings and heads of state, a brief travel guide and an extensive index.
Saramago, Jose. Journey to Portugal. Orlando: Harcourt, 2000.
Travelling to some of the most obscure corners of his country as well as the most famous, the internationally recognized Portuguese novelist and editor Jose Saramago shares a unique view of his country that blends charms with blunt honesty.
Symington, Martin, et al. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Portugal. London: Dorling-Kindersley, 2016.
This is a comprehensive and well-illustrated guide book packed with well-indexed information. Great for research and entertaining reading.