Hanoi, Vietnam's capital city, is
a picturesque blend of Vietnamese and French
colonial traditions with beautiful
parks and lakes in the midst of urban hustle and bustle.
In mid-August 1945, the Vietminh
called for the people to rise up against the French in an announcement
at the Municipal Theatre (pictured
above). At this same site, Ho Chi Minh's first coalition government
to the people on January 1, 1946.
Having negotiated terms of independence with the French, on March
6, 1946, the
president stood on the balcony of
this building and declared, "I, Ho Chi Minh, have fought
compatriots all my life for the
independence of our Fatherland. I would rather die than betray
The Temple of Literature, dedicated to Confucius, was established
in 1070 and in
1076 it was combined with Vietnam's
first university to train a scholarly elite to become senior
mandarins. The French eliminated
the examinations that had been held here in 1915.
The Hanoi Central Prison
Nicknamed "The Hanoi Hilton"
by American prisoners of war held here during "the Vietnam
Central Prison is now a memorial
to the victims of oppression during the French Colonial era when
patriots who were held here were
subject to tortures which are documented in a series of bas-reliefs.
A banner marking the 110th anniversary
of the birth of Ho Chi Minh decorates the roadside beside
Ho Hoan Kiem, the "Lake of the Restored Sword" where
King Le Thai To returned the sword that he
used in his decade-long struggle
against the Chinese to the Divine Turtle from whom he had received
Street scenes in Hanoi.
© Grose Educational Media, 2000-2001